Los factores internacionales y la institucionalización de los sistemas de partidos: reflexiones a través de los casos de Corea del Sur, Japón y Taiwán

Diego Telias

Resumen

Este artículo se enmarca en la literatura que busca comprender los factores que explican los niveles de institucionalización de los sistemas de partidos. El punto de partida de esta reflexión es que, si se analizan las tres democracias consolidadas de Asia Oriental, Japón, Corea del Sur y Taiwán, se puede observar que el nivel de institucionalización de los sistemas de partidos podría depender de una variable poco mencionada en la literatura: los factores internacionales. En este sentido, este artículo busca en primer lugar plasmar la discusión sobre qué factores afectan la institucionalización de los sistemas de partidos y ahondar en aquellos trabajos que mencionan la variable internacional. Posteriormente, se utilizan tres casos asiáticos para proponer una reflexión e hipótesis sobre cómo los factores internacionales nos podrían permitir comprender los niveles de institucionalización que han tenido estos sistemas de partidos en su período democrático.

Palabras clave

Sistema de Partidos; Asia Oriental; Japón; Corea del Sur; Taiwán

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